There are many covenants in the Holy Scriptures. But as far as I know all covenants were made with Israel. The New Testament Church benefits through the New Covenant. Some of God’s covenants are unconditional and some are conditional. The unconditional covenants are onesided in that God has promised to fulfill them by Himself. The conditional are based on obedience to God’s Law, commandments, and regulations.
The Jewish people have been expelled from their promise land twice. They were expelled and taken into captivity in 586 B.C. Actually 586 B.C. was the final deportation of the Jewish people and also destruction of their Temple and the city of Jerusalem. There was a partial deportation in 606 B.C. At this time Daniel and other Jewish royalty children were deported. Then there was a second deportation in 597 B.C. At this time Ezekiel was among the Jewish people that was deported. And the final deportation was completed in 586 B.C. This was the time when Jeremiah was deported with other Jewish people.
The Jewish Temple was desecrated during the time of Antiochus IV Epiphanies but the Temple was not completely destroyed. This was a very important event in the history of the Jewish people. Even though this event was not one of the seven feasts celebrated by the Jewish people, it has been celebrated as a special holiday since that date. In fact, Jesus celebrated this feast which is recorded in the Gospel of John.
The Jewish people were given seven yearly feasts to celebrate. Each has a spiritual significance and represents a specific event in the future of Israel.
When I look them up I will give you a list of all of them and their spiritual and event specific meaning.
The heresy of Replacement Theology does not understand the ultimate meaning of these feasts because they do not believe that God has a future for Israel.
The feasts are not covenants of Israel but they are teaching tools that God gave to Israel.
All the biblical covenants will be connected to this webpage. Probably the most important is the Abrahamic Covenant which is the basis of the New Covenant. The New Covenant has application to the Church as well as Israel.
Rev. Thomas Clark – Phil. 3:14