What about the KJV Only controversy?


What about the KJV Only controversy?
The author of this article has wrestled with the KJV Only controversy for many years. He has read many articles from scholarly men on both sides of the issue. William James had a concept called “cash value”. Basically it went like this: once you get the correct answer of how much practical value is it? Like how much value is it to be able to determine how many angels can dance on the head of a pen? The answer is “practically none”.

What is the spiritual and moral value of determining what the exact original biblical texts were and are?

One is that it gives confidence to the reader that the source is truly from God. With the multiplicity of modern translations the common man might be lead to believe that the Bible is very unreliable and the truth it presents is also unreliable.

Also, I believe that the multiplicity of translations has actually hindered the memorization of Scripture. Also, everytime you attend a new church you may have to use a different translation. Organizations like AWANA have their program in many different translations but that is actually confusing to the students as well as the parents. Note that some alleged translations are actually paraphrases or Dynamitic equivence translations. They do not give a word for word translation from the Greek and Hebrew manuscripts into English.

When it comes to the Word of God I personally would like the exact text of the original Scriptures. But is it necessary for a person to have absolute perfection to be saved and grow in the Lord? The answer is “no”. But that does not mean that we don’t desire a perfect copy of the original autographs.

Sometimes I think the controversy causes more problems than it solves. After considerable study regarding the transmission of manuscripts it is my judgment that the Textus Receptus or Byzantine manuscript family is the most reliable. The work on the Revision of the Greek text of Westcott-Hort is full of problems and contradictions.

The two manuscripts that were used primarily to create the Westcott-Hort Greek text were seriously flawed with many corruptions. Also, Westcott-Hort were very liberal theologians and did not believe in many of the most important essentials of the Faith. The basic argument of Westcott-Hort was that older is better. The two manuscripts were older but there is a serious question as to whether they were better.

The Jewish scholars that copied the Hebrew Scriptures were very exacting and precise about their method of copying the Scriptures. They would count every word on every line and if the number was wrong they would tear up the whole page and start over. Also, when they would come to the sacred name (YHVH) for the G-d the copist would take a complete bath and change their ink pens.

One of my conclusion about the ”cash value” of translations is the result of my assessment of the method of transmission of God’s truth from the beginning (Adam & Eve). Until approximately 1550 B.C. there was no written recorded Word of God. The Mosaic Covenant was the first written recorded Word of God. That bring up the question of “How were people saved and grow in their knowledge of God prior to the Mosaic Covenant?” Apparently the truth of God was passed on by verbal communication and certain direct communication by God to certain individuals, such as Enoch, Noah, Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob.

Also, oral communication was very reliable prior to the Genesis Flood because of the longevity of men. There were five persons who lived over 900 years. Adam himself lived 930 years so he could have directly communicated the truth of God which he had to many others.

More than likely God taught Adam and Eve the necessity of blood sacrifices. Cain and Abel were both taught by Adam and Eve. Cain knew the correct method for sacrificial offerings but through self-will he reject the way of God. Abel knew and offered a blood sacrifice in accord with what he was taught by his parents. We do not know what else God taught Adam and Eve, but from Genesis 3:15 we know that they were taught about a coming redeemer that would take care of sin.

15 And I will put enmity between thee and the woman, and between thy seed and her seed; it shall bruise thy head, and thou shalt bruise his heel. Genesis 3:15 (KJV)

Apparently, the people in the O.T. were saved by faith in the Promise of God to bring a Redeemer to pay for their sins. This was symbolized by their blood offering. There was a debate in the past whether people’s faith in God in the O.T. was Theo-centric or Christo-centric. From reading the account of Abraham’s being declared righteous by his faith in God’s promise of a Messiah coming from him and Sarah and their descendants faith apparently is Christo-centric.

2 And Abram said, Lord GOD, what wilt thou give me, seeing I go childless, and the steward of my house is this Eliezer of Damascus?
3 And Abram said, Behold, to me thou hast given no seed: and, lo, one born in my house is mine heir.
4 And, behold, the word of the LORD came unto him, saying, This shall not be thine heir; but he that shall come forth out of thine own bowels shall be thine heir.
5 And he brought him forth abroad, and said, Look now toward heaven, and tell the stars, if thou be able to number them: and he said unto him, So shall thy seed be.
6 And he believed in the LORD; and he counted it to him for righteousness. Genesis 15:2-6 (KJV)

The Apostle Paul uses Abraham as an example of Justification by faith prior to the Mosaic Covenant and David as an example of Justification by faith during the Mosaic Covenant.

So it is very clear that people during the Old Testament period were saved by their faith in the promise of a coming Redeemer (Messiah).

Neither Abraham nor his immediate descendants had the written Word of God. They just had the oral word that was conveyed to them through their godly ancestors.

Romans 4:1-8 (KJV)
1 What shall we say then that Abraham our father, as pertaining to the flesh, hath found?
2 For if Abraham were justified by works, he hath whereof to glory; but not before God.
3 For what saith the scripture? Abraham believed God, and it was counted unto him for righteousness.
4 Now to him that worketh is the reward not reckoned of grace, but of debt.
5 But to him that worketh not, but believeth on him that justifieth the ungodly, his faith is counted for righteousness.
6 Even as David also describeth the blessedness of the man, unto whom God imputeth righteousness without works,
7 Saying, Blessed are they whose iniquities are forgiven, and whose sins are covered.
8 Blessed is the man to whom the Lord will not impute sin.

For those of you who value the KJV Mr. Chris Sherburne has produced an updated KJV with the archaic words in the KJV changed.

His information is list below. I created a copy of Romans from his text in Word. I also created the 10 commandments with verses on the meaning of the Law. All of my memory work was completed in the KJV so it is very hard to change to any other translation. One piece of advice. If you are starting your children on the Word of God you need to pick a translation that is literal and which they will be able to keep and read all their life. That advice would also apply to you and any church that is choosing a translation. I believe that every church should take seriously which translation they will use. Almost all of the modern translations since 1881 are based on the Westcott-Hort Greek text which I consider as seriously flawed.

© 2004 Chris Sherburne
Third printing, January 2012
(928) 927-5217
e-mail: armoredsheep7@yahoo.com
web: http://www.armoredsheep.com
May God bless your today and forever!
Rev. Thomas L. Clark – Phil. 3:14


Biblical Context


Biblical context

There are many important concepts to proper interpretation of the Bible but John Wyciff gave one of the most important: understanding the context of what is written. Below is what he said about context.  The interpretation of the Bible is the most important aspect of our lives.  God has promised that the Holy Spirit will guide us and illuminate the Scriptures for us.

John Wyclif

It shall greatly helpe ye
to understande Scripture,
If thou mark
Not only what is spoken or wrytten,
But of whom,
And to whom,
With what words,
At what time,
To what intent,
With what circumstances,
Considering what goeth before
And what followeth.

There are three things we need to know about Scripture:

  • 1) Supernatural Revelation – This is the act of God whereby He reveals to special select persons what He wants to reveal. They are Holy prophets.  The word “holy” means select and special.  He did not and does not reveal His Special Revelation to just anyone.  All prophets after the institution of the Mosaic covenant were Jewish with the possible exception of Luke who wrote the book of Luke and Acts of the Apostles.  Luke was the close companion of the Apostle Paul.
  •  2) Inspiration of Scripture – This is the act of God whereby He communicates His will and words to Special select persons and causes them to accurately record in writing His will and words. The word inspiration is not the best word for this act because it implies that something is (in= spired) breathed into the person. But the Greek word is actually “theopneustos” which means divinely breathed.   The word means that all Scripture is God breathed and that it’s source is God. Inspiration is the act of God whereby He caused special select persons to receive His word and record His word without omission or error.

16 All scripture is given by inspiration (theopneustos) of God, and is profitable for doctrine, for reproof, for correction, for instruction in righteousness: 17 That the man of God may be perfect, thoroughly furnished unto all good works.  2 Tim 3:16-17 (KJV)

  • 3) Illumination – is the work of the Holy Spirit whereby He assists believers in understanding what has been written and record by inspiration. No person at the present time is receiving Divinely Inspired Special Revelation from God. Below is an excellent article on Illumination.

What is the biblical doctrine of illumination?


“What is the biblical doctrine of illumination?”

Answer: Simply put, illumination in the spiritual sense is “turning on the light” of understanding in some area. Throughout the ages, people in every culture and religion have claimed some kind of revelation or enlightenment from God (whether true or not). When that enlightenment deals with new knowledge or future things, we call it prophecy. When that enlightenment deals with understanding and applying knowledge already given, we call it illumination. Regarding illumination of the latter type, the question arises, “How does God do it?”

The most basic level of enlightenment is the knowledge of sin, and without that knowledge, everything else is pointless. Psalm 18:28 says, “You, O LORD, keep my lamp burning; my God turns my darkness into light.” Psalm 119, which is the longest chapter in the Bible, is a song about God’s Word. In verse 130, it says “The unfolding of your words gives light; it gives understanding to the simple.” This verse establishes the basic method of God’s illumination. When God’s Word enters the heart of a person, it gives light and understanding to them. For this reason, we are repeatedly told to study the Word of God. Psalm 119:11 says “I have hidden your word in my heart that I might not sin against you.” Verses 98 and 99 say “Your commands make me wiser than my enemies, for they are ever with me. I have more insight than all my teachers, for I meditate on your statutes.”

Regular study of the Word of God will give direction and understanding in the issues of life. This is the first method of God’s illumination and the starting point for us all. In Psalm 119 we also find another type of God’s illumination. Verse 18 says, “Open my eyes that I may see wonderful things in your law.” These are not new revelations, but things which have been written and revealed long before, and just now understood by the reader (one of those “aha!” moments). Similarly, verse 73 says, “Your hands made me and formed me; give me understanding to learn your commands.” The plea is for personal understanding and application of God’s laws as they are studied by the individual. Fifteen times in this psalm, God is asked to teach or give understanding regarding His laws.

One passage that sometimes stirs controversy regarding illumination is John 14:26, “But the Counselor, the Holy Spirit, whom the Father will send in my name, will teach you all things and will remind you of everything I have said to you.” Jesus was speaking to His disciples in the upper room, giving them last instructions before His death. This special group of men was to be responsible for spreading the good news of Jesus Christ to the whole world. They had spent three and a half years with Him, watching His miracles and hearing His teachings. They would relay those things to the rest of the world, and would need God’s special help remembering those things accurately. Jesus said that the Holy Spirit would teach them and remind them of what had been said, so they could give it to others (including the writing of the Gospels). This verse does not teach that the Spirit will do so with all believers (though there are other verses that speak of the Spirit’s illuminating work).

What is the Holy Spirit’s illuminating work in believers? Ephesians 1:17-18 tells us that the Spirit gives wisdom and revelation concerning Jesus Christ, and opens the eyes of understanding so we can know God’s purposes in our lives. In 1 Corinthians 2:10-13, God has revealed His plans for us by His Spirit, who teaches us spiritual things. The context here points to the Word of God as that which has been revealed. The Spirit of God will always point us to the Word of God for our instruction. As Jesus told His disciples in John 16:12-15, the Spirit simply repeats what the Father and the Son have already said. This repetition helps us remember and fully hear what God has already told us. Sometimes we have to hear things several times before we actually hear them. That’s where the Spirit comes in.

One thing that is sometimes overlooked in the discussion of illumination is the purpose of it. To hear some arguments, it would seem that the whole purpose of illumination is an accurate and academic understanding of God’s Word. There is no question that God desires us to accurately understand what He has given us. Words have meaning, and we must pay attention to the details in those words. If, however, we stop there, we simply have an academic understanding of facts or philosophies, which do no one any good.

Going back to Psalm 119, we find purpose statements connected with the illumination verses. “I will meditate on your wonders” (v. 27), “I will keep your law and obey it with all my heart” (v. 34), “that I may understand your statutes” (v. 125), “that I may live” (v. 144). The illumination always points to action. Why does God help us understand His Word? So we are able to live in its light. First John 1:6 challenges us, “If we claim to have fellowship with him yet walk in the darkness, we lie and do not live by the truth.” We could paraphrase it to say, “If we say we’ve been enlightened, but still walk in the dark, we lie about understanding God’s Word.” The Spirit of God, who enlightens us to hear and understand God’s Word, then takes that knowledge and guides us in living it. Romans 8:14 says “For as many as are led by the Spirit of God, they are the sons of God.” The illuminating and leading work of the Holy Spirit in our lives is a confirmation that we are indeed children of God.

Check out the excellent work of J. Vernon McGee

 Guidelines for the Understanding of the Scriptures by J.   Vernon McGee    guide

02 Guide for Understanding the Scriptures Under the category 01 Christian Resources on this website.

May God bless your today and forever!

Rev. Thomas L. Clark – Phil. 3:14

Michael the Archangel is the Restrainer


This article is based on Robert Van Kampen’s information from his book “The Sign”.    This is a central key to interpreting who the restrainer of 2 Thes. 2:6-7 is.

2 Thessalonians 2:6-7 (KJV)
6  And now ye know what withholdeth that he might be revealed in his time.
7  For the mystery of iniquity doth already work: only he who now letteth will let, until he be taken out of the way.

Antichrist Revealed – chapter 11

pps 231-233


1. See Strong’s, #5975 which, along with the

KJV, gives the definition of ‘amad as “stand up.”

On the other hand, Rashi, one of Israel’s greatest

scholars, understood “stand up” to literally mean

“stand still” (Judah J. Slotki, Daniel, Ezra,

Nehemiah [London: Soncino, 1978], p. 101). For

this reason, the Midrash, commenting on this

verse, says, “The holy one, Blessed be He, said

to Michael, ‘You are silent? You do not defend

my children'” (Ruth Rabbah I). See other NASB

texts where the same Hebrew word is used: 1

Sam. 9:27 (“remain standing”); 2 Sam. 2:28

(“halted”); 2 Kings 4:6 (“stopped”); Judg. 7:21

(“stood in his place”). See also Theological

Wordbook of the Old Testament, ‘amad (#1637),

“stand, remain, endure”; and Hebrew and English

Lexicon of the Old Testament, 764a.2a. Cf.

“stand still, stop, cease moving” (Josh. 10:13;

Hab. 3:11; 1 Sam. 9:27; 2 Sam. 2:28; Nah. 2:9);

“stop flowing” (2 Kings 4:6), p. 764a, 2d “stop,

cease doing” (Gen. 26:35; 30:9; 2 Kings 13:18;

Jonah 1:15), p. 764c, 6a.

The verb ‘amad in Daniel 12:1 is ordinarily

rendered as “will arise,” “will stand up,” or the

like. But such a rendering makes little sense in

the context of what immediately follows in that

verse: “And there will be a time of distress such

as never occurred since there was a nation until

that time; and at that time your people,

everyone who is found written in the book, will

be rescued.”

In the grammatical order of the Hebrew text,

as reflected in most English versions, “the time

of distress” (Dan. 12:lb) occurs between

Michael’s “arising”(v. la) and the rescue of the

people from this great time of distress (v. 2a). In

other words, first Michael arises or stands still,

next comes an unparalleled time of distress for

God’s people (in this case, Israel, because of its

Old Testament setting), and then His people are

rescued. But why, one wonders, would the “great

prince who stands guard over” Israel arise

before his people are about to be persecuted,

not raising a hand to help them until much later?

The angel who speaks to Daniel in this vision

has already told the prophet, “There is no one

who stands firmly with me against these forces

[the demonic “prince” who empowered Persia]

except Michael your prince” (Dan. 10:21; cf. v.

13). In the New Testament we are told that

“there was war in heaven, Michael and his

angels waging war with the dragon” (Rev. 12:7).

These passages describe the ministry of Michael

as a ministry, in part, of restraint. The Hebrew

phrase translated “stands firmly . . . against” has

the basic meaning of being strong, holding fast,

and restraining. In other words, it is Michael

who restrains the demonic forces in their

unrelenting attacks against Israel. What, then,

would be the point of calling attention to

Michael’s arising if all he did was to look down

on God’s people being tormented?

As demonstrated at the beginning of this note,

what most translators translate “will arise” for

this particular passage can equally be

translated “stand still.” In Joshua 10:13 that

same root term is twice translated “stopped” in

both the New American Standard Bible and the

New International Version—”So the sun stood

still, and the moon stopped, until the nation

avenged themselves of their enemies. Is it not

written in the book of Jashar? And the sun

stopped in the middle of the sky, and did not

hasten to go down for about a whole day” (NASB,

emphasis added).

In complete agreement with the noted

Jewish rabbi Rashi, this writer takes the

position that “stand still” is the correct

translation instead of “stand up,” as it seems

to be the most appropriate translation for

Daniel 12:1. In other words, Michael will not

stand up, or arise, in order to defend Israel

during the terrible time of persecution that

follows immediately, but rather he will “stand

still” or “stop” doing what he normally does,

which is to stop his activity of restraining the

demonic forces of Satan, thereby allowing

Antichrist to reveal his true identity to the

world and to vent his full fury on God’s people.

As soon as Michael stops his work of restraint,

the “time of distress such as never occurred

since there was a nation” will begin. This is

why this precise period of time is called the

wrath of Satan (Rev. 12:12).

In light of that translation and interpretation

of Daniel 12:1, Paul’s meaning in a remarkably

similar passage in 2 Thessalonians becomes

much clearer: “And you know what restrains

him now, so that in his time he may be

revealed. For the mystery of lawlessness is already

at work; only he who now restrains will

do so until he is taken out of the way” (2:6, 7).

From the context, we know that the “him”

referred to in verse 6 refers back to

Antichrist, “the man of lawlessness . .. the son

of destruction” (v. 3). Thus, the restrainer in 2

Thessalonians 2:7 (“he who restrains”) must

certainly be Michael, the same restrainer

Daniel refers to in 10:21 and 12:1.

Daniel’s reference to a “time of distress

such as never occurred since there was a

nation until that time” is almost identical to

Jesus’ description of the “great tribulation,

such as has not occurred since the beginning

of the world until now, nor ever shall” (Matt.

24:21), placing the timing of both of these

passages at the midpoint of the seventieth

week. The Old Testament passage is written

for “the woman,” faithful Israel, the New

Testament passage, the church, the “rest of

her offspring who keep the commandments of

God and to the testimony of Jesus.”

Thus, the restrainer will be removed just prior

to the revealing of Antichrist, when he “exalts

himself above every so-called god or object of

worship, so that he takes his seat in the

temple of God . . .” (2 Thess. 2:4), something

he could never do on his own unless the restrainer

is first removed.


The Solid Foundation


The Solid Foundation is the Verbally inspired Word of God.  Without this Foundation we could know literally nothing about God.  All Christian teaching and doctrine is based on the Verbal, Plenary, Inspired  Word of God.

This is the reason that theological liberals so rabidly attack the Holy Scriptures.  Since the beginning of time, Satan has attempted to pervert the Word of God.   In his temptation of Eve in the Garden of Eden he pervert what God had said to Eve.  

If you are going to be a sound and strong Biblical Christian you must know the Word of God.   The Devil does everything he can to get you to doubt the full authority of the Word of God.

Jesus had memorized the Word of God and used it in his quotations of it to the Devil as his defense.  I believe that every Christian should memorize key passages and verses of Scripture to fortify themselves for the battle with the World, the Flesh, and the Devil.  1 John 2:15-17

1 John 2:15-17 (KJV)
15  Love not the world, neither the things that are in the world. If any man love the world, the love of the Father is not in him.
16  For all that is in the world, the lust of the flesh, and the lust of the eyes, and the pride of life, is not of the Father, but is of the world.
17  And the world passeth away, and the lust thereof: but he that doeth the will of God abideth for ever.

Scripture Memory Fellowship is a good organization to help you memorize the Scriptures.      http://scripturememoryfellowship.org/

Numbers 6:24-26 (KJV)

24  The LORD bless thee, and keep thee:
25  The LORD make his face shine upon thee, and be gracious unto thee:
26  The LORD lift up his countenance upon thee, and give thee peace.

Rev. Thomas L. Clark – Phil, 3:14

Westcott and Hort Translator’s Beliefs

Westcott and Hort Translator’s Beliefs


The Bible warns that there would be those who would corrupt the word of God (2nd Corinthians 2:17) and handle it deceitfully (2nd Corinthians 4:2). There would arise false gospels with false epistles (2nd Thessalonians 2:2), along with false prophets and teachers who would not only bring in damnable heresies but would seek to make merchandise of the true believer through their own feigned words (2nd Peter 2:1-3).

It did not take long for this to occur. In the days of the Apostles, and shortly afterwards, several doctrinal heresies arose. Their early beginnings are referred to in the New Testament in such places as Galatians 1:6-8; 1st John 4:3; 2nd John 1:7; and Jude 1:3-4. They not only plagued the early Church, but are still with us today, in modern form, in many contemporary Christian cults. These false doctrines influenced the transmission of scripture and account for some of the differences in the line of manuscripts.


Brooke Foss Westcott (1825-1901) and Fenton John Anthony Hort (1828-1892) produced a Greek New Testament in 1881 based on the findings of Tischendorf. This Greek NT was the basis for the Revised Version of that same year. They also developed a theory of textual criticism which underlay their Greek NT and several other Greek NT since (such as the Nestle’s text and the United Bible Society’s text). Greek New Testaments such as these produced the modern English translations of the Bible we have today. So it is important for us to know the theory of Westcott and Hort as well as something of the two men who have so greatly influenced modern textual criticism.

In short, the Westcott and Hort theory states that the Bible is to be treated as any other book would be.

Westcott and Hort believed the Greek text which underlies the KJV was perverse and corrupt. Hort called the Textus Receptus vile and villainous (Life and Letters of Fenton John Anthony Hort, Vol. I, p.211).

If Westcott and Hort are the fathers of modern textual criticism and the restorers of the true text, should we not know something of their beliefs to see if they are consistent with Scripture? This would be harmonious with the teaching found in Matthew 7:17.

Here’s what Westcott and Hort said about…

The Scriptures:

“I reject the word infallibility of Holy Scriptures overwhelmingly.” (Westcott, The Life and Letters of Brook Foss Westcott, Vol. I, p.207).

“Our Bible as well as our Faith is a mere compromise.” (Westcott, On the Canon of the New Testament, p. vii).

“Evangelicals seem to me perverted. . .There are, I fear, still more serious differences between us on the subject of authority, especially the authority of the Bible.” (Hort, The Life and Letters of Fenton John Anthony Hort, Vol. I, p.400)

“Dr. Wilbur Pickering writes that, Hort did not hold to a high view of inspiration.” (The Identity of the New Testament Text, p.212)

Perhaps this is why both the RV (which Westcott and Hort helped to translate) and the American edition of it, the ASV, translated 2nd Timothy 3:16 as, “Every scripture inspired of God” instead of “All scripture is given by inspiration of God” (KJV).

The Deity of Christ:

“He never speaks of Himself directly as God, but the aim of His revelation was to lead men to see God in Him.” (Westcott, The Gospel According to St. John, p. 297).

“(John) does not expressly affirm the identification of the Word with Jesus Christ.” (Westcott, Ibid., p. 16).

“(Rev. 3:15) might no doubt bear the Arian meaning, the first thing created.” (Hort, Revelation, p.36).

Perhaps this is why their Greek text makes Jesus a created god (John 1:18) and their American translation had a footnote concerning John 9:38, “And he said, Lord I believe and he worshipped him,” which said, “The Greek word denotes an act of reverence, whether paid to a creature, as here, or to the Creator” (thus calling Christ a creature).

“The thought (of John 10:29) is here traced back to its most absolute form as resting on the essential power of God in His relation of Universal Fatherhood.” (Westcott, St. John, p. 159).

“I confess I have no repugnance to the primitive doctrine of a ransom paid to Satan. I can see no other possible form in which the doctrine of a ransom is at all tenable; anything is better than the doctrine of a ransom to the father.” (Hort, The First Epistle of St. Peter 1:1-2:17, p. 77).

Perhaps this is why their Greek text adds to salvation in 1st Peter 2:2. And why their English version teaches universal salvation in Titus 2:11, “For the grace of God hath appeared, bringing salvation to all men” (ASV).


“(Hell is) not the place of punishment of the guilty, (it is) the common abode of departed spirits.” (Westcott, Historic Faith, pp.77-78).

“We have no sure knowledge of future punishment, and the word eternal has a far higher meaning.” (Hort, Life and Letters, Vol. I, p.149).

Perhaps this is why their Greek text does not have Mark 9:44, and their English translation replaces “everlasting fire” [Matthew 18:8] with “eternal fire” and change the meaning of eternal as cited by Hort in the above quote.

“No one now, I suppose, holds that the first three chapters of Genesis, for example, give a literal history. I could never understand how anyone reading them with open eyes could think they did.” (Westcott, cited from Which Bible?, p. 191).

“But the book which has most engaged me is Darwin. Whatever may be thought of it, it is a book that one is proud to be contemporary with….. My feeling is strong that the theory is unanswerable.” (Hort, cited from Which Bible?, p. 189)

“I wish I could see to what forgotten truth Mariolatry (the worship of the Virgin Mary) bears witness.” (Westcott, Ibid. )

“The pure Romanish view seems to be nearer, and more likely to lead to the truth than the Evangelical.” (Hort, Life and Letters, Vol. I, p. 77)

It is one thing to have doctrinal differences on baby-sprinkling and perhaps a few other interpretations. It is another to be a Darwin-believing theologian who rejects the authority of scriptures, Biblical salvation, the reality of hell, and makes Christ a created being to be worshipped with Mary his mother. Yet, these were the views of both Westcott and Hort. No less significant is the fact that both men were members of spiritist societies (the Hermes Club and the Ghostly Guild).

Westcott and Hort talked to Spirits of the dead.

I call it Satanism.

Westcott and Hort

Brooke Foss Westcott (1825-1903) and Fenton John Anthony Hort (1828-1892) have been highly controversial figures in biblical history.

On one side, their supporters have heralded them as great men of God, having greatly advanced the search for the original Greek text.

On the other side, their opponents have leveled charges of heresy, infidelity, apostasy, and many others, claiming that they are guilty of wreaking great damage on the true text of Scripture.

I have no desire to sling mud nor a desire to hide facts.

I believe it is essential at this time that we examine what we know about these men and their theories concerning the text of the Bible.
I long sought for copies of the books about their lives.

These are The Life and Letters of Brooke Foss Westcott, by his son, Arthur, and The Life and Letters of Fenton John Anthony Hort, written by his son.

After literally months of trying, I was able to acquire copies of them both for study.  Most of the material in this section will be directly from these sources so as to prevent it from being secondhand.

We cannot blindly accept the finding of any scholar without investigating what his beliefs are concerning the Bible and its doctrines. Scholarship alone makes for an inadequate and dangerous authority, therefore we are forced to scrutinize these men’s lives.

A Monumental Switch

Westcott and Hort were responsible for the greatest feat in textual criticism. They were responsible for replacing the Universal Text of the Authorized Version with the Local Text of Egypt and the Roman Catholic Church. Both Westcott and Hort were known to have resented the pre-eminence given to the Authorized Version and its underlying Greek Text. They had been deceived into believing that the Roman Catholic manuscripts, Vaticanus and Aleph, were better because they were older. This they believed, even though Hort admitted that the Antiochian or Universal Text was equal in antiquity.

Hort said:

“The fundamental Text of late extant Greek MSS generally is beyond all question identical with the dominant Antiochian or Graeco-Syrian Text of the second half of the 4th century.” (Hort, The Factor of Genealogy, pg 92—as cited by Burgon, Revision Revised, pg 257).
Vicious Prejudice

In spite of the fact that the readings of the Universal Text were found to be as old, or older, Westcott and Hort still sought to dislodge it from its place of high standing in biblical history.  Hort occasionally let his emotions show…

Hort said:

“I had no idea till the last few weeks of the importance of texts, having read so little Greek Testament, and dragged on with the villainous Textus Receptus leaning entirely on late MSS.; it is a blessing there are such early ones.”(Life, Vol. I, p. 211).

Westcott and Hort built their own Greek text based primarily on a few uncial MSS of the Local Text. It has been stated earlier that these perverted MSS do not even agree among themselves. The ironic thing is that Westcott and Hort knew this when they formed their text!

Burgon exposed Dr. Hort’s confession. Even Hort had occasion to notice an instance of the Concordia discourse. Commenting on the four places in Mark’s Gospel (14:30, 68, 72, a, b) where the cocks crowing is mentioned said:

“The confusion of attestation introduced by these several cross currents of change is so great that of the seven principal MSS, Aleph, A, B, C, D, L, no two have the same text in all four places.” 87
A Shocking Revelation

That these men should lend their influence to a family of MSS which have a history of attacking and diluting the major doctrines of the Bible, should not come as a surprise. Oddly enough, neither man believed that the Bible should be treated any differently than the writings of the lost historians and philosophers!

Hort wrote, quote:

For ourselves, we dare not introduce considerations which could not reasonably be applied to other ancient texts, supposing them to have documentary attestation of equal amount, variety and antiquity. 88

He also states, Quote: In the New Testament, as in almost all prose writings which have been much copied, corruptions by interpolation are many times more numerous than corruptions by omission. (Emphasis mine.) 89

We must consider these things for a moment. How can God use men who do not believe that His Book is any different than Shakespeare, Plato, or Dickens? It is a fundamental belief that the Bible is different from all other writings. Why did these men not believe so?
Blatant Disbelief

Their skepticism does, in fact, go even deeper. They have both become famous for being able to deny scriptural truth and still be upheld by fundamental Christianity as biblical authorities! Both Westcott and Hort failed to accept the basic Bible doctrines which we hold so dear and vital to our fundamental faith.

Hort denies the reality of Eden:

I am inclined to think that no such state as Eden (I mean the popular notion) ever existed, and that Adams fall in no degree differed from the fall of each of his descendants, as Coleridge justly argues. 90

Furthermore, he took sides with the apostate authors of Essays and Reviews.

Hort writes to Rev. Rowland Williams, October 21, 1858,

“Further I agree with them [Authors of Essays and Reviews] in condemning many leading specific doctrines of the popular theology … Evangelicals seem to me perverted rather than untrue. There are, I fear, still more serious differences between us on the subject of authority, and especially the authority of the Bible.” 91

We must also confront Hort’s disbelief that the Bible was infallible:

“If you make a decided conviction of the absolute infallibility of the N.T. practically a sine qua non for co-operation, I fear I could not join you.”

He also stated:

“As I was writing the last words a note came from Westcott. He too mentions having had fears, which he now pronounces groundless, on the strength of our last conversation, in which he discovered that I did recognize Providente in biblical writings. Most strongly I recognize it; but I am not prepared to say that it necessarily involves absolute infallibility. So I still await judgment.”

And further commented to a colleague:

“But I am not able to go as far as you in asserting the absolute infallibility of a canonical writing.” 92
Strange Bedfellows

Though unimpressed with the evangelicals of his day, Hort had great admiration for Charles Darwin! To his colleague, B.F. Westcott, he wrote excitedly:

“…Have you read Darwin? How I should like to talk with you about it! In spite of difficulties, I am inclined to think it unanswerable. In any case it is a treat to read such a book.”

And to John Ellerton he writes:

“But the book which has most engaged me is Darwin. Whatever may be thought of it, it is a book that one is proud to be contemporary with … My feeling is strong that the theory is unanswerable. If so, it opens up a new period.” 93

Dr. Hort was also an adherent to the teaching of Samuel Taylor Coleridge. His son writes:

“In undergraduate days, if not before, he came under the spell of Coleridge.” 94

Coleridge was the college drop-out whose drug addiction is an historical fact. The opium habit, begun earlier to deaden the pain of rheumatism, grew stronger. After vainly trying in Malta and Italy to break away from opium, Coleridge came back to England in 1806.” 95

“One of Coleridge’s famous works is Aids to Reflection. Its chief aim is to harmonize formal Christianity with Coleridge’s variety of transcendental philosophy. He also did much to introduce Immanual Kant and other German philosophers to English readers.” 96

This man, Coleridge, had a great influence on the two scholars from Cambridge. Forsaking Colossians 2:8, Hort was also a lover of Greek philosophy. In writing to Mr. A. MacMillian, he stated:

“You seem to make (Greek) philosophy worthless for those who have received the Christian revelation. To me, though in a hazy way, it seems full of precious truth of which I find nothing, and should be very much astonished and perplexed to find anything in revelation.” 97
Lost in the Forest

In some cases Hort seemed to wander in the woods. In others he can only be described as utterly lost in the forest. Take, for example, his views on fundamental Bible truths…

Hort’s Devil

Concerning existence of a personal devil he wrote:

“The discussion which immediately precedes these four lines naturally leads to another enigma most intimately connected with that of everlasting penalties, namely that of the personality of the devil. It was Coleridge who some three years ago first raised any doubts in my mind on the subject – doubts which have never yet been at all set at rest, one way or the other. You yourself are very cautious in your language.”

“Now if there be a devil, he cannot merely bear a corrupted and marred image of God; he must be wholly evil, his name evil, his every energy and act evil. Would it not be a violation of the divine attributes for the Word to be actively the support of such a nature as that?” 98
Hort’s  Hell

Hort also shrunk from the belief in a literal, eternal hell.

“I think Maurice’s letter to me sufficiently showed that we have no sure knowledge respecting the duration of future punishment, and that the word eternal has a far higher meaning than the merely material one of excessively long duration; extinction always grates against my mind as something impossible. 99

Certainly in my case it proceeds from no personal dread; when I have been living most godlessly, I have never been able to frighten myself with visions of a distant future, even while I held the doctrine. 100
Hort’s Purgatory

Although the idea of a literal devil and a literal hell found no place in Hort’s educated mind, he was a very real believer in the factious Roman Catholic doctrine of purgatory.

To Rev. John Ellerton he wrote in 1854:

I agree with you in thinking it a pity that Maurice verbally repudiates purgatory, but I fully and unwaveringly agree with him in the three cardinal points of the controversy: (1) that eternity is independent of duration; (2) that the power of repentance is not limited to this life; (3) that it is not revealed whether or not all will ultimately repent. The modern denial of the second has, I suppose, had more to do with the despiritualizing of theology then almost anything that could be named. 101
Also while advising a young student he wrote:

The idea of purgation, of cleansing as by fire, seems to me inseparable from what the Bible teaches us of the Divine chastisements; and, though little is directly said respecting the future state, it seems to me incredible that the Divine chastisements should in this respect change their character when this visible life is ended.
I do not hold it contradictory to the Article to think that the condemned doctrine has not been wholly injurious, inasmuch as it has kept alive some sort of belief in a great and important truth. 102

Thus we see that Dr. Hort’s opinions were certainly not inhibited by orthodoxy. Yet his wayward ways do not end here. For, as his own writings display, Dr. Hort fell short in several other fundamental areas.

Hort’s Atonement

There was also his rejection of Christ’s atoning death for the sins of all mankind.

“The fact is, I do not see how Gods justice can be satisfied without every man’s suffering in his own person the full penalty for his sins.” 103

In fact, Hort considered the teachings of Christs atonement as heresy!

“Certainly nothing can be more unscriptural than the modern limiting of Christs bearing our sins and sufferings to His death; but indeed that is only one aspect of an almost universal heresy.” 104

The fact is, that Hort believed Satan more worthy of accepting Christs payment for sins than God.

“I confess I have no repugnance to the primitive doctrine of a ransom paid to Satan, though neither am I prepared to give full assent to it. But I can see no other possible form in which the doctrine of a ransom is at all tenable; anything is better than the notion of a ransom paid to the Father.” 105
Hort’s Baptism

Dr. Hort also believed that the Roman Catholic teaching of baptismal regeneration was more correct than the evangelical teaching.

…at the same time in language stating that we maintain Baptismal Regeneration as the most important of doctrines … the pure Romish view seems to me nearer, and more likely to lead to, the truth than the Evangelical. 106

He also states that, Baptism assures us that we are children of God, members of Christ and His body, and heirs of the heavenly kingdom. 107

In fact, Hort’s heretical view of baptism probably cost his own son his eternal soul, as we find Hort assuring his eldest son, Arthur, that his infant baptism was his salvation:

You were not only born into the world of men. You were also born of Christian parents in a Christian land. While yet an infant you were claimed for God by being made in Baptism an unconscious member of His Church, the great Divine Society which has lived on unceasingly from the Apostles time till now. You have been surrounded by Christian influences; taught to lift up your eyes to the Father in heaven as your own Father; to feel yourself in a wonderful sense a member or part of Christ, united to Him by strange invisible bonds; to know that you have as your birthright a share in the kingdom of heaven. 108
Hort’s Twisted Belief

Along with Hort’s unregenerated misconceptions of basic Bible truths, there were his quirkish and sometimes quackish personal beliefs. One such example is his hatred for democracy, as he asserts in a letter to Rev. Westcott dated April 28, 1865:

“…I dare not prophesy about America, but I cannot say that I see much as yet to soften my deep hatred of democracy in all its forms.” 109

It is not an amazing thing that any one man could hold to so many unscriptural and ungodly beliefs. It is amazing that such a man could be exalted by Bible believing preachers and professors to a point of authority higher than the King James Bible!

Dr. Hort was a truly great Greek scholar, yet a great intellect does not make one an authority over the Bible when they themselves do not even claim to believe it! Albert Einstein was a man of great intellect, but he rejected Scripture, and so where he speaks on the subject of Scripture he is not to be accepted as authoritative. Possessing a great mind or great ability does not guarantee being a great spiritual leader. Dr. Hort was a scholar, but his scholarship alone is no reason to accept his theories concerning Bible truth.

If fundamental pastors of today enlisted the services of an evangelist and found that this evangelist had beliefs paralleling those of Fenton John Anthony Hort, I believe that the pastor would cancel the meeting. Strangely through, when a pastor discovers such to be true about Dr. Hort, he excuses him as a great Greek scholar and presents his Authorized Version to him to be maliciously dissected and then discarded as Dr. Hort sets himself down in the seat of authority which the Bible once held. Here again I must assert that most often this is done with childlike faith on the part of the pastor, due to the education he received while in seminary. The seminary is not really guilty either, for they have simply and unsuspectingly accepted the authority of two men raised under the influence of a campaign by the Jesuits to re-Romanize England. Wilkenson reports that Hort had been influenced by these Roman Catholic forces: Dr. Hort tell us that the writings of Simon had a large share in the movement to discredit the Textus Receptus class of MSS and Bibles. 119

Problems with Westcott

Unfortunately for the new Bible supporters, Dr. Westcott’s credentials are even more anti-biblical. Westcott did not believe that Genesis 1-3 should be taken literally. He also thought that Moses and David were poetic characters whom Jesus Christ referred to by name only because the common people accepted them as authentic.

Westcott states:

“No one now, I suppose, holds that the first three chapters of Genesis, for example, give a literal history – I could never understand how anyone reading them with open eyes could think they did – yet they disclose to us a Gospel. So it is probably elsewhere. Are we not going through a trial in regard to the use of popular language on literary subjects like that through which we went, not without sad losses in regard to the use of popular language on physical subjects? If you feel now that it was, to speak humanly, necessary that the Lord should speak of the sun rising, it was no less necessary that he would use the names Moses and David as His contemporaries used them… There was no critical question at issue. (Poetry is, I think, a thousand times more true than History; this is a private parenthesis for myself alone.) 120

He also said David is not a chronological but a spiritual person. 121

That the first three chapter of Genesis are all allegory has been believed by liberals and modernists for years. Do today’s fundamentalists realize that those modernists beliefs were nurtures in the heart of this Bible critic?

Westcott was also a doubter of the Biblical account of miracles: I never read an account of a miracle but I seem instinctively to feel its improbability, and discover somewhat of evidence in the account of it. 122

If a great fundamental preacher of our day were to make this statement, he would be called apostate, but what then of Westcott?

Westcott believed that the second coming of Jesus Christ was not a physical coming but a spiritual coming: “As far as I can remember, I said very shortly what I hold to be the Lord’s coming in my little book on the Historic Faith. I hold very strongly that the Fall of Jerusalem was the coming which first fulfilled the Lords words; and, as there have been other comings, I cannot doubt that He is coming’ to us now. 123

Westcott’s Heaven

Wait! This fundamental doctrine is not the last one to be denied by Bishop Westcott, for he believed Heaven to be a state and not a literal place. Note the following quotations from Bishop Westcott: No doubt the language of the Rubric is unguarded, but it saves us from the error of connecting the Presence of Christ’s glorified humanity with place; heaven is a state and not a place. 124

Yet the unseen is the largest part of life. Heaven lies about us now in infancy alone; and by swift, silent pauses for thought, for recollection, for aspiration, we cannot only keep fresh the influence of that diviner atmosphere, but breathe it more habitually. 125

We may reasonably hope, by patient, resolute, faithful, united endeavor to find heaven about us here, the glory of our earthly life. 126

Westcott’s Newmanism

Dr. Westcott was also deeply devoted to John Newman, the Roman Catholic defector who took 150 Church of England clergymen with him when he made the change. Those of his disciples who did not make the physical change to Rome, made the spiritual change to Romanism, though many, like Westcott, never admitted it.

These are the convictions of a man greatly responsible for the destruction of Christian faith in the Greek Text of the Authorized Version. Place Mr. Westcott next to any present fundamental preacher or educator, and he would be judged a modernist, liberal and heretic. In spite of his outstanding ability in Greek, a man of his convictions would not be welcome on the campus of any truly Christian college in America. This is not an overstatement, nor is it malicious. The Christian colleges of today hold very high standards and simply would not settle for a man of such apostate conviction, no matter how great his ability to teach a given subject.



     87 Fuller, David, True or False, (Grand Rapids International Publications, Grand Rapids, 1973), p. 261.

     88 Hills, Edward, Believing Bible Study, (The Christian Research Press, Des Moines, 1967), p. 122.

     89 Fuller, David, True or False, (Grand Rapids International Publications, Grand Rapids, 1973), p. 240.

     90 Hort, Arthur Fenton, Life and Letters of Fenton John Anthony Hort, (New York, 1896), Volume I, p. 78.

     91 Ibid., p. 400.

     92 Ibid., pp. 420-422.

     93 Ibid., pp. 414-416.

     94 Ibid., p. 42.

     95 New Standard Encyclopedia, (Standard Educational Corporation, 1977), p. 450.

     96 Ibid., pp. c450-451.

     97 Hort, Arthur Fenton, Life and Letters of Fenton John Anthony Hort, (New York, 1896), Volume I, p. 449.

     98 Ibid., p. 121.

     99 Ibid., p. 149.

     100 Ibid., p. 122.

     101 Ibid., p. 275.

     102 Ibid., Volume II, pp. 336,337.

     103 Ibid., Volume I, p. 120.

     104 Ibid., p. 430.

     105 Ibid., p. 428.

     106 Ibid., p. 76.

     107 Ibid., Volume II, p. 81.

     108 Ibid., p. 273.

     109 Ibid., p. 34.

     110 Ibid., Volume I, pp. 458,459.

     111 Ibid., p. 458.

     112 Ibid., Volume II, p. 207.

     113 Ibid., Volume I, p. 130.

     114 Ibid., p. 138.

     115 Ibid., p. 140.

     116 Ibid., p. 139.

     117 Ibid., p. 211.

     118 Ibid., p. 377.

     119 Wilkenson, Benjamin, Our Authorized Bible Vindicated, (Takoma Park, 1930), p. 104.

     120 Westcott, Arthur, Life and Letters of Brooke Foss Westcott. (New York, 1903), Volume II, p. 69.

     121 Ibid., p. 147

     122 Ibid., Volume I, p. 52.

     123 Ibid., Volume II, p. 308.

     124 Ibid., p. 49.

     125 Ibid., p. 253.

     126 Ibid., p. 394.





Essential Christianity


  1. Essential Christianity


Looking at a survey of world religions, most fix the population of the Christian faith at two Billion.  The two-billion Christians include about 1 billion Protestants and 1 billion Catholics.  This number includes every sort and variety of “Christian”. Many who would not even call themselves Christian. How can we define Christianity?

            In order to answer just what is a Christian we need to understand the essentials of Christianity.  First, Christianity is based around a person.  The person is Jesus Christ; Christ is Greek equivalent of Messiah.  To discover just what is essential Christianity we need to see what Jesus and his disciples taught and wrote. How did they define a follower of Jesus the Christ?

            The foundation of Christianity is based the writings of the prophets of the Hebrew Bible.  Jesus of Nazareth was the fulfillment of prophecies regarding the coming of a Messiah who would redeem man from their sins and restore man to a relationship with God, the creator of the universe.  The Jewish nation rejected Jesus as Messiah, and the Romans crucified him on a Cross, as a false prophet and blasphemer at the request of the High-priest. His rejection by Israel was foretold 730 years before the event in the book of Isaiah (Isaiah 52:12-53:13); the concept of the Messiah suffering was not understood by the nation of Israel. 

            The Jewish nation looked for the coming of King Messiah, from the line of David who would rule over the nations.  The rejection and death Jesus, a descendent of David, was foretold by the prophets. His return to judge the world of its sins and to establish his kingdom is foretold also.  The responsibility of delivering the Gospel (Good News) of the forgiveness of sins (Redemption) by faith in Jesus Christ has been given to the church. 

            The church is composed of both Jews and Gentiles who have trusted in Jesus Christ as their Lord and Savior, who have received the Holy Spirit as a deposit guaranteeing their redemption.  The message delivered to the Apostles (Luke 6:13) was to be delivered to the world at large and not to just Israel, following Pentecost.

            At Pentecost (Acts 2:1, Leviticus 23:15) the Holy Spirit descended on the Apostles and they began to speak in languages of different nations, proclaiming the wonders of God’s works.

From Jerusalem, the Church spread throughout the Roman Empire and beyond.  

With the “Inspired” writings of the Apostles and the Hebrew Prophets before them, the Gospel (Good News) of redemption reached the Pagan cities outside of Jerusalem.  These groups of believers formed into local church bodies.  These local church bodies were then built up by the Apostles during their lifetime and their disciples after their death. 

            The teachings and writing of Jesus and his Apostles formed the essence of Christianity.  Their words recorded and broadcast  via the transmission of the written word. The New Testament is written in Greek and the Old Testament[1] in Hebrew and Aramaic.  The inspired writings of the Prophets and Apostles are the scripture for the Church.  The Old Testament cannon was closed during the 5th century BC, the last book Malachi being written about 425 BC.  The collection of New Testament documents was complete by 90 AD with the book of Revelation near the reign of Domitian (96 AD).  Apostolic and scriptural authority was the foundation of the early church’s authority.

Doctrine of Authority

The children of Israel at Mt. Sinai pleaded with Moses to speak to them for God because they were afraid of God speaking directly to them.  God responded, “What they have spoken is good. 18I will raise up for them a Prophet like you from among their brethren, and will put My words in His mouth, and He shall speak to them all that I command Him.” (Deuteronomy 18:17b-18).  God would speak through individuals who would represent Him to the people. 

            The authority of the Hebrew Bible (The Old Testament) is God Himself who revealed Himself through prophets who wrote God’s word to the people.  This authority of Scripture continued with the New Testament as the church is built on the foundation of the Prophets and Apostles (Ephesians 2:19-20). 

 Protestants…The historic protestant church hold that scripture alone (66 Books of the Old and New Testament) is the sole authority “Sola Scriptura” Scripture alone.

Eastern Orthodox… Eastern Orthodox also holds to the same 66 Books, but add church tradition as authoritve.

Roman Catholic…Catholics accept the 66 books, but also see the Apocrypha as inspired by God. They also view Church tradition as authoritative.

The Authority of Scripture

29 “Abraham said to him, ‘They have Moses and the prophets; let them hear them.’
30 “And he said, ‘No, father Abraham; but if one goes to them from the dead, they will repent.’
31 “But he said to him, ‘If they do not hear Moses and the prophets, neither will they be persuaded though one rise from the dead.’ “Luke 16:29-31


The words Moses and the prophets are more effective than a dead man coming to life
2 Then He said to them, “These are the words which I spoke to you while I was still with you, that all things must be fulfilled which were written in the Law of Moses and the Prophets and the Psalms concerning Me.” Luke 24:44 Jesus confirmed the inspiration of  the Old Testament
20 knowing this first, that no prophecy of Scripture is of any private interpretation,
21 for prophecy never came by the will of man, but holy men of God spoke as they were moved by the Holy Spirit.

        2  Peter 1:20-21

Scripture is God revelation through chosen men
20 To the law and to the testimony! If they do not speak according to this word, it is because there is no light in them.

       Isaiah 8:20

God’s revelation of Truth is “Light” anything contrary is darkness
39 “You search the Scriptures, for in them you think you have eternal life; and these are they which testify of Me.John 5:39


The Old Testament speaks of Jesus
16 All Scripture is given by inspiration of God, and is profitable for doctrine, for reproof, for correction, for instruction in righteousness,
17 that the man of God may be complete, thoroughly equipped for every good work.

  2 Timothy 3:16-17

Scripture is a guide for the person of God.
29 Jesus answered and said to them, “You are mistaken, not knowing the Scriptures nor the power of God.  
31 “But concerning the resurrection of the dead, have you not read what was spoken to you by God, saying,

Matthew 22:29,31

Without the scripture, God revelation of truth we are mistaken
25 So when they did not agree among themselves, they departed after Paul had said one word: “The Holy Spirit spoke rightly through Isaiah the prophet to our fathers,

   Acts 28:25

The Holy Spirit spoke through the prophets who wrote the words

Doctrine of God

The doctrine of God is the same in all three branches of Christianity.  The Westminster Shorter Catechism (Question 6) reads, “There are three persons in the Godhead; The Father, the Son, and the Holy Ghost; and these three are God, the same in substance, equal in power and glory.”[2]

The Athenasian Creed

………We worship one God in Trinity, and
Trinity in Unity; (4) Neither confounding the persons, nor dividing the substance.
(5) For there is one person of the Father, another of the Son, and another of the
Holy Spirit. (6) But the Godhead of the Father, of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit
is all one, the glory equal, the majesty co-eternal………

The word “Trinity” does not appear in the scripture, but is demonstrated in both the Old and New Testaments.  The Trinity is merely a word to describe God’s revelation of Himself in the scripture.  By reading both the Old and New Testament we see Three Distinct revelations of the One God. God is revealed as Father, Son and Spirit, with each being in substance God but having distinctness.  The word “Trinity” describes this revelation. 

The Deity of Christ

1 6     For unto us a Child is born, Unto us a Son is given; And the government will be upon His shoulder. And His name will be called Wonderful, Counselor, Mighty God,      Everlasting Father, Prince of Peace. Isaiah 9:6 The Messiah will be called Mighty God 

Everlasting Father



2 13    “I was watching in the night visions, And behold, One like the Son of Man,      Coming with the clouds of heaven! He came to the Ancient of Days, And they brought Him near before Him.

14    Then to Him was given dominion and glory and a kingdom, That all peoples, nations, and languages should serve Him. His dominion is an everlasting     dominion,Which shall not pass away, And His kingdom the one Which shall not be destroyed.  Daniel 7:13-14

The Son of Man will be served (Worshipped) by the people of the Earth 

Worship is for God Only.


3 “And I will pour on the house of David and on the inhabitants of Jerusalem the Spirit of grace and supplication; then they will look on Me whom they pierced. Yes, they will mourn for Him as one mourns for his only son, and grieve for Him as one grieves for a firstborn.  Zechariah 12:10 Zechariah wrote 550 years before Christ. God is speaking first person. Then God says.. “They shall look on Me”…The Me being Jesus who was killed at His “First Coming”.
1 In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God.
2 He was in the beginning with God.
3 All things were made through Him, and without Him nothing was made that was made.  John 1:1-3


The Word was …At the Beginning Jesus already existed as God with God the Father.Jesus is creator of All

All made things came through the Word.

All includes everything.. emphasized by  “Nothing”

6 “But that you may know that the Son of Man has power on earth to forgive sins”-then He said to the paralytic, “Arise, take up your bed, and go to your house.”  Matthew 9:6 Jesus was able to forgive sins…Only the possessor  of  the sin can forgive Sins….By forgiving sins, Jesus is claiming deity.
22 “For the Father judges no one, but has committed all judgment to the Son,
23 “that all should honor the Son just as they honor the Father. He who does not honor the Son does not honor the Father who sent Him.  John 5:22-23


Judgment is God’s prerogative 

Jesus is claiming equal honor to the Father

6 who, being in the form of God, did not consider it robbery to be equal with God,
7 but made Himself of no reputation, taking the form of a bondservant, and coming in the likeness of men.
8 And being found in appearance as a man, He humbled Himself and became obedient to the point of death, even the death of the cross.

Philippians 2:6-8

Jesus in Heaven was GodJesus came in Human form to die for the sins of mankind.
9 Jesus said to them, “Most assuredly, I say to you, before Abraham was, I AM.”  John 8:58 Jesus by saying “I AM” was calling Himself by the name of God.

The Holy Spirit

  The earth was without form, and void; and darkness was on the face of the deep. And the Spirit of God was hovering over the face of the waters Genesis 1:2 The Holy Spirit was involved in Creation
8 “And when He has come, He will convict the world of sin, and of righteousness, and of judgment:
9 “of sin, because they do not believe in Me; John 16:8-9


The Holy Spirit will convict the world of SinThe  Holy Spirit will point people to Jesus
2 16Do you not know that you are the temple of God and that the Spirit of God dwells in you? 17If anyone defiles the temple of God, God will destroy him. For the temple of God is holy, which temple you are.I Corinthians 3:16 The Holy Spirit will dwell inside the believer 

The body becomes the Temple because the HS is God dwelling inside human flesh

3 And do not grieve the Holy Spirit of God, by whom you were sealed for the day of redemption. Ephesians 4:30 The HS can be grieved by our actions
6 And the Spirit of the Lord came mightily upon him, and he tore the lion apart as one would have torn apart a young goat, though he had nothing in his hand. But he did not tell his father or his mother what he had done. Judges 14:6


The HS empowered and inspired in the Old Testament as in the New
5 But Peter said, “Ananias, why has Satan filled your heart to lie to the Holy Spirit and keep back part of the price of the land for yourself? Acts 5:13 The HS can be lied to
6 “You stiff-necked and uncircumcised in heart and ears! You always resist the Holy Spirit; as your fathers did, so do you. Acts 7:51 The HS can be resisted
31 “Therefore I say to you, every sin and blasphemy will be forgiven men, but the blasphemy against the Spirit will not be forgiven men.
32 “Anyone who speaks a word against the Son of Man, it will be forgiven him; but whoever speaks against the Holy Spirit, it will not be forgiven him, either in this age or in the age to come.

Matthew 12:31-32

You can blaspheme the HS meaning the HS is God

 Doctrine of the Church

1 10that in the dispensation of the fullness of the times He might gather together in one all things in Christ, £both which are in heaven and which are on earth—in Him.22And He put all things under His feet, and gave Him to be head over all things to the church, 23which is His body, the fullness of Him who fills all in all.

Ephesians 1:10,22,23

Jesus Christ is head of the Church.The Church is the body which all the saved in the fullness of time are gathered.
2 23For the husband is head of the wife, as also Christ is head of the church; and He is the Savior of the body. 27that He might present her to Himself a glorious church, not having spot or wrinkle or any such thing, but that she should be holy and without blemish. 32This is a great mystery, but I speak concerning Christ and the church. Ephesians 5:23,27,32 Marriage irepresents the relationship between Christ and the Church. 

Christ seeks a righteous and sinless Church, made sinless by Christ’s sacrifice.

3 18And He is the head of the body, the church, who is the beginning, the firstborn from the dead, that in all things He may have the preeminence.                         Colossians 1:18 Christ is head of the Body
4 2To the church of God which is at Corinth, to those who are sanctified in Christ Jesus, called to be saints, with all who in every place call on the name of Jesus Christ our Lord, both theirs and ours:I Corinthians 1:2 The church is made of sanctified believers (Saints)
5 19Now, therefore, you are no longer strangers and foreigners, but fellow citizens with the saints and members of the household of God, 20having been built on the foundation of the apostles and prophets, Jesus Christ Himself being the chief cornerstone, 21in whom the whole building, being fitted together, grows into a holy temple in the Lord, 22in whom you also are being built together for a dwelling place of God in the Spirit.Ephesians 2:19-22 All believers are citizens of the household of God.The Church is built on the foundation of the Apostles and prophets.

Members of the Church are part of the Temple of God.

6 19Go £therefore and make disciples of all the nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit, 20teaching them to observe all things that I have commanded you; and lo, I am with you always, even to the end of the age.” £Amen. Matthew 28:19-20 The Church is made of all nations
7 11And He Himself gave some to be apostles, some prophets, some evangelists, and some pastors and teachers, 12for the equipping of the saints for the work of ministry, for the edifying of the body of Christ, 13till we all come to the unity of the faith and of the knowledge of the Son of God, to a perfect man, to the measure of the stature of the fullness of Christ;Ephesians 4:11-13 The Church body  has Apostles, Prophets, Evangelists, Pastors and Teachers to edify the body
8 12“And to the angel of the church in Pergamos write,‘These things says He who has the sharp two-edged sword: 13“I know your works, and where you dwell, where Satan’s throne is. And you hold fast to My name, and did not deny My faith even in the days in which Antipas was My faithful martyr, who was killed among you, where Satan dwells. 14But I have a few things against you, because you have there those who hold the doctrine of Balaam, who taught Balak to put a stumbling block before the children of Israel, to eat things sacrificed to idols, and to commit sexual immorality. 15Thus you also have those who hold the doctrine of the Nicolaitans, £which thing I hate. 16Repent, or else I will come to you quickly and will fight against them with the sword of My mouth.

17“He who has an ear, let him hear what the Spirit says to the churches. To him who overcomes I will give some of the hidden manna to eat. And I will give him a white stone, and on the stone a new name written which no one knows except him who receives it.”’

Revelation 2:13-17

Satan attacks the Church with by attempting to introduce false doctrines (Cults). 

Jesus purifies his Church through judgment.

 Doctrine of Man

26 Then God said, “Let Us make man in Our image, according to Our likeness; let them have dominion over the fish of the sea, over the birds of the air, and over the cattle, over all the earth and over every creeping thing that creeps on the earth.”
27 So God created man in His own image; in the image of God He created him; male and female He created them.

Genesis 1:26-27

Mankind is made in the image of God.
1 The burden of the word of the Lord against Israel. Thus says the Lord, who stretches out the heavens, lays the foundation of the earth, and forms the spirit of man within him:

Zechariah 12:1

Our spirit is created at conception
3 And as it is appointed for men to die once, but after this the judgmentHebrews 9:27 Man will be judged after deathMan only has one life
18 “He who believes in Him is not condemned; but he who does not believe is condemned already, because he has not believed in the name of the only begotten Son of God. John 3:18


Man is under a general condemnation without ChristChrist came to save man

 Doctrine of Salvation

1 Jesus answered and said to him, “Most assuredly, I say to you, unless one is born again, he cannot see the kingdom of God.”  John 3:3 Those who come to Christ must be born again of the Holy Spirit.
2 14And as Moses lifted up the serpent in the wilderness, even so must the Son of Man be lifted up, 15that whoever believes in Him should £not perish but have eternal life. 16For God so loved the world that He gave His only begotten Son, that whoever believes in Him should not perish but have everlasting life. 17For God did not send His Son into the world to condemn the world, but that the world through Him might be saved.18“He who believes in Him is not condemned; but he who does not believe is condemned already, because he has not believed in the name of the only begotten Son of God.John 3:14-18 Salvation belongs to those believe. 

The world was condemned before Jesus came into the world.


Faith in Jesus Christ the only begotten Son, is the only way of salvation

3 28Then they said to Him, “What shall we do, that we may work the works of God?”29Jesus answered and said to them, “This is the work of God, that you believe in Him whom He sent.”John 6:28-29 God only requires one work for salvation, faith in Christ.
13 In Him you also trusted, after you heard the word of truth, the gospel of your salvation; in whom also, having believed, you were sealed with the Holy Spirit of promise,
14 who is the guarantee of our inheritance until the redemption of the purchased possession, to the praise of His glory.

Ephesians 1:13-14

The Holy Spirit seals those who accept  Christ, guaranteeing redemption.
8 For by grace you have been saved through faith, and that not of yourselves; it is the gift of God,
9 not of works, lest anyone should boast.Ephesians 2:8-9


Salvation is from faith and not works..
5 not by works of righteousness which we have done, but according to His mercy He saved us, through the washing of regeneration and renewing of the Holy Spirit, Titus 3:5


The Holy Spirit dwelling inside us makes us new  (Born Again)
2 1 “Not everyone who says to Me, ‘Lord, Lord,’ shall enter the kingdom of heaven, but he who does the will of My Father in heaven.
22 “Many will say to Me in that day, ‘Lord, Lord, have we not prophesied in Your name, cast out demons in Your name, and done many wonders in Your name?’
23 “And then I will declare to them, ‘I never knew you; depart from Me, you who practice lawlessness!’ Luke 7:21-23 


Salvation is dependent on having a relationship with the Lord. 

Religious works are not enough to save.


Works can be done in Jesus name without a relationship but they are meaningless.

 [1]Most of  the Old Testament is Hebrew The parts written in Aramaic are: Daniel 2:4-7:28, Ezra 4:48-6:18, 7:11-26, Jeremiah   10:11, Genesis 31:47 (2 words) http://www.truthnet.org/Christianity/Apologetics/IsthebiblefromGod7/

[2] Handbook of Today’s Religion, Josh McDowell, Pg. 27,  Campus Crusade for Christ, 1996

The Apostles’ Creed

The Creed

  I believe in God the Father, Almighty, Maker of heaven and earth.
  And in Jesus Christ, His only begotten Son, our Lord;
  Who was conceived by the Holy Spirit, born of the virgin Mary;
  Suffered under Pontius Pilate; was crucified, dead, and buried; He descended into hell;
  The third day He rose again from the dead;
  He ascended into heaven, and sitteth at the right hand of God the Father Almighty;
  From thence He shall come to judge the living and the dead.
  I believe in the Holy Spirit.
  I believe a holy catholic[1] Church, the communion of saints;
  The forgiveness of sins;
  The resurrection of the body;
  And the life everlasting. Amen.


The Creed

I believe in one God, the Father Almighty, Maker of heaven and earth, and of
all things visible and invisible.

And in one Lord Jesus Christ, the only-begotten Son of God, begotten of the
Father before all worlds; God of God, Light of Light, very God of very God;
begotten, not made, being of one substance with the Father, by whom all things
were made.

Who, for us men and for our salvation, came down from heaven, and was
incarnate by the Holy Spirit of the virgin Mary, and was made man; and was
crucified also for us under Pontius Pilate; He suffered and was buried; and the
third day He rose again, according to the Scriptures; and ascended into heaven,
and sitteth on the right hand of the Father; and He shall come again, with glory,
to judge the living and the dead, whose kingdom shall have no end.

And I believe in the Holy Spirit, the Lord and Giver of life; who proceedeth
from the Father and the Son; who with the Father and the Son together is
worshipped and glorified; who spake by the prophets.

And I believe one holy catholic and apostolic Church. I acknowledge one
baptism for the remission of sins; and I look for the resurrection of the dead, and
the life of the world to come. Amen.

The Athanasian Creed


The Creed

(1) Whosoever will be saved, before all things it is necessary that he hold the
catholic faith; (2) Which faith except every one do keep whole and undefiled,
without doubt he shall perish everlastingly.

(3) And the catholic faith is this: That we worship one God in Trinity, and
Trinity in Unity; (4) Neither confounding the persons, nor dividing the substance.
(5) For there is one person of the Father, another of the Son, and another of the
Holy Spirit. (6) But the Godhead of the Father, of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit
is all one, the glory equal, the majesty co-eternal. (7) Such as the Father is, such
is the Son, and such is the Holy Spirit. (8) The Father uncreate, the Son uncreate,
and the Holy Spirit uncreate. (9) The Father incomprehensible, the Son
incomprehensible, the Holy Spirit incomprehensible. (10) The Father eternal, the
Son eternal, and the Holy Spirit eternal. (11) And yet they are not three eternals,
but one uncreated and one incomprehensible. (13) So likewise the Father is
almighty, the Son almighty, and the Holy Spirit almighty; (14) And yet they are
not three almighties, but one almighty. (15) So the Father is God, the Son is God,
and the Holy Spirit is God; (16) And yet they are not three Gods, but one God.
(17) So likewise the Father is Lord, the Son Lord, and the Holy Spirit Lord; (20)
So are we forbidden by the catholic religion to say: There are three Gods or three
Lords. (21) The Father is made of none, neither created nor begotten. (23) The
Holy Spirit is of the Father and of the Son; neither made, nor created, nor
begotten, but proceeding. (24) So there is one Father, not three Fathers; one Son,
not three Sons; one Holy Spirit, not three Holy Spirits. (25) And in this Trinity
none is afore, or after another; none is greater, or less than another. (26) But the
whole three persons are co-eternal, and co-equal. (27) So that in all things, as
aforesaid, the Unity in Trinity and the Trinity in Unity is to be worshipped. (28)
He therefore that will be saved must thus think of the Trinity.

(29) Furthermore is it necessary to everlasting salvation than he also believe
rightly the incarnation of our Lord Jesus Christ. (30) For the right faith is that we
believe and confess that our Lord Jesus Christ, the Son of God, is God and man.
(31) God of the substance of the Father, begotten before the worlds; and man of
the substance of His mother, born in the world. (32) Perfect God and perfect
man, of a reasonable soul and human flesh subsisting. (33) Equal to the Father as
touching His Godhead, and inferior to the Father as touching His manhood. (34)
Who, although He is God and man, yet He is not two, but one Christ. (35) One,
not by conversion of the Godhead into flesh, but by taking of the manhood into
God. (36) One altogether, not by confusion of substance, but by unity of person.
(37) For as the reasonable soul and flesh is one man, so God and man is one
Christ; (38) Who suffered for our salvation, descended into hell, rose again the
third day from the dead; (39) He ascended into heaven, He sitteth on the right
hand of the Father, God Almighty; (40) From thence He shall come to judge the
living and the dead. (41) At whose coming all men shall rise again with their
bodies; (42) And shall give account of their own works. (43) And they that have
done good shall go into life everlasting, and they that have done evil into
everlasting fire.

(44) This is the catholic faith, which except a man believe faithfully, he
cannot be saved.

[1] Catholic:  Etymology: Middle French & Late Latin; Middle French catholique, from Late Latin catholicus, from Greek katholikos universal, general, from katholou in general, from kata by + holos whole— more at cata-, safe Date: 14th century   1 a often capitalized : of, relating to, or forming the church universal b often capitalized : of, relating to,or forming the ancient undivided Christian church or a church claiming historical continuity from it c capitalized

Three ways to illustrate biblical concepts of God.

1. Can you occupy two places at the same time?  

2. Can you enter a fishbowl ?

 All of me can’t enter the bowl…I am bigger then the bowl, The fish could not comprehend me. But my hand or a finger could enter the bowl and the fish could comprehend.  This position is illustrated in Isaiah 53:1, we read  “To whom has the arm of the Lord been revealed”  In Isaiah 59:16

He saw that there was no man, And wondered that there was no intercessor; Therefore His own arm brought salvation for Him; And His own righteousness, it sustained Him. Isaiah 59:16

 God entered the world of man as a man, to intercede on our behalf as Isaiah foretold.


The Family is Irreplaceable




What is Irreplaceable About?
Every member of the human race has the desire for significance—a desire to belong. And the family is where those deepest longings are fulfilled.
Unfortunately, the word “family” has all but lost its meaning in our modern cultural landscape. And the fallout has been significant. Divorce. Crime. Poverty. Addictions. Abuse. Our attempts to redefine and reimagine the family only make these problems worse, not better. When the family is weakened, society suffers. But strong families make the world a better place!
The Series
Irreplaceable is the first in a series of feature-length documentaries that will approach the concept of the family from a number of different angles. The goal of each documentary is to recover, renew and reclaim the cultural conversation about the family.
The Movement
Celebrate the family by attending a screening of Irreplaceable during the theatrical one night event on May 6. Sign up for e-mail updates here. And be sure to tell your friends and family members about the Irreplaceable screening so that they can take part, too.
But the documentary is just the beginning. You can make a commitment to building your own family on a solid foundation that will span the generations by making the Gen3 promise. What is the Gen3 Promise? It is a commitment to have a thriving marriage and family for the next 3 generations. It starts with a promise to daily invest in your own family knowing that a healthy family will impact generations to come. So, make the Gen3 promise and start living the Gen3 life now!